In the past there was no real need for Parental / Maternity Leave since usually the wife was staying at home and taking care of the kids. The world and the working-paradigm have changed and nowadays both partners are working and a balanced Parental / Maternity leave program is getting more and more important.
In the past, since there were only a few women workers, companies didn’t take care of them and they were not providing Parental Maternity Leave to them and some cases, they were granted unpaid maternity leave for a few weeks, that too, after the birth of the child. In the United States of America, there are no specific rules for the companies and so the companies do not have to allow paid Parental Maternity Leave to their workers.
Many companies are offering special medical leave for their women staffs, if they are working for a few years. Some companies even offer paid maternity leave for their staffs, and it is up to the management of the companies how to handle parental maternity leave.
Both, men and women are provided with Employees Insurance and they are eligible for Parental Maternity Leave and to avail this leave, they have to fulfill certain conditions and they have to produce confirmation certificate of pregnancy with the expected due date and they are allowed to take unpaid maternity leave and of course, the monetary benefits would be offered by their employees insurance company.
In the United Kingdom Parental Maternity Leave is provided by the companies to their staffs, and of course, without monetary benefits. They could avail this leave for the newborn, adoption and for placements. There are a few countries that offer paid Parental Maternity Leave for their government employees and the company acts provides benefits for the workers of private companies.
Generally, women and men are in need of leave to balance their families, whether they are provided with maternity or parental leave for them. In the United States of America, people are not worried by the rules, since many companies have their own rules and regulations. The purpose of availing maternity leave is to make proper arrangements for the protection of their child and to balance their lifestyle. Most of the countries offer unpaid or paid maternity leave for their employees, only after the birth of the child and there are only a few countries which offer maternity leave, during the pregnancy period also. It is up to the users of leave to decide when they want their leave. Job security is the main concern for the workers and if they have assurance for their jobs, they would not mind in availing unpaid maternity leave.
In some families, women are going to offices and men are rearing children at homes. So, the leave should benefit both men and women and the companies have to provide maternity or parental leave for both women and men and for this purpose, the companies should grant leave for both of them.